Abstract：Objective To investigate the relationship between low T3 syndrome and death or re-hospitalization in patients with pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease（PH-LHD），and to estimate the value of low T3 syndrome in assessing the conditions and clinical outcomes of such patients.Methods 154 hospitalized PH-LHD patients from Beijing Anzhen Hospital，Capital Medical University were enrolled in 2015 and divided into a low T3 syndrome group（n=41） and a normal thyroid function group（n=113） according to their FT3 levels at admission.Baseline characteristics including laboratory findings were collected.All patients were given a telephone-based follow-up in January 2017，and events of death or re-hospitalization occurred between the discharge day and the follow-up day were evaluated.Results In low T3 syndrome group， 2 cases were lost， and 6 cases were lost in normal thyroid function group.Compared with the normal thyroid function group，low T3 syndrome group demonstrated much higher re-hospitalization rate 〔61.5%（24/39） vs 41.1%（44/107） 〕（χ2=7.283，P=0.01），as well as significantly higher mortality〔46.2%（18/39） vs 15.9%（17/107） 〕（χ2=15.288，P<0.01）．Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that there was no significant correlation between low T3 syndrome and the re-hospitalization rate of PH-LHD patients 〔HR=0.849，95%CI（0.441，1.637），P=0.625〕，but BNP >400 ng/L 〔HR=2.496，95%CI（1.014，6.146），P=0.047〕 and low T3 syndrome 〔HR=2.353，95%CI（1.092，5.066），P=0.029〕 were the independent risk factors for death in PH-LHD patients.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve（AUC） of FT3 was 0.759〔95%CI（0.664，0.854）〕 for predicting mortality，and the optimal cut-off point was found to be less than 4.195 pmol/L.The AUC of BNP was 0.800 〔95%CI（0.710，0.891）〕 for predicting mortality，and the best optimal cut-off point was identified to be greater than 600 ng/L.According to the DeLong test，there was no significant difference between the two AUCs（Z=0.693，P=0.488）．Conclusion Low T3 syndrome is an independent risk factor for death in post-discharge PH-LHD patients.The routine detection of FT3 levels is of great significance to the risk stratification and prognosis assessment of PH-LHD patients.
聂美玲，刘乐，马涵英*. 低T3综合征对左心疾病相关肺动脉高压患者再住院及死亡的影响研究#br#[J]. 中国全科医学, 2018, 21(14): 1666-1671.
NIE Mei-ling，LIU Le，MA Han-ying*. Effect of Low T3 Syndrome on Death or Re-hospitalization in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension due to Left Heart Disease. Chinese General Practice, 2018, 21(14): 1666-1671.